Groups and Teams

Group means two or more people who interact with each other to accomplish certain goals or meet certain needs. Team means a group whose members work intensely with each other to achieve a specific, common goal or objective. As these definitions Imply, all teams are groups, but not all groups are teams. Definitions) 0 The two characteristics that distinguish teams from work together and the presence of a specific overriding team goal or object.

More exactly, the dfferent between groups and teams is that a work group shares information to help each member perform within their own level of responsibility or 1 but a Work Team co-ordinates effort to create positive synergy or 1+1=3. (Discuss differences) Cl In order to enhance organisational performance, members of groups, and articularly teams, are often better motivated and satisfied than individuals. Team members are more motivated and satisfied than If they were working alone.

Team members can see the effect of their contribution to achieving team and organizational goals. Teams provide needed social interaction and help employees cope with work-related stressors. (Explain GIT enhance performance) C] One of the main advantages of using groups/teams are the opportunity to obtain a type of synergy, which means people working in a group can produce more or higher- uality outputs than would have been produced If each person had worked separately and all their individual efforts were later combined.

Definition of synergy) o The advantage of developing a synergy wlthln a group can be: (1) ablllty of group members to bounce Ideas off one another, (2) to correct one another’s mistakes, (3) to bring a diverse knowledge base to bear on a problem, (4) to accomplish work that is too vast for any one individual to achieve. To take advantage of the potential for synergy in groups, managers need to make sure that groups are composed of embers who have complementary skills and knowledge relevant to the group’s work.

Some work teams may fail, because mistakes or problems made by management and team members. (Discussion) C] Some other characteristics which may be present within a groups and its t goals. Informal Group: group that managers or nonmanagerial employees form to help achieve their own goals or to meet their own needs. Cross-functional Teams: composed of members from different departments Cross-cultural Teams: composed of members from different cultures or countries (Other characteristics)


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